fir3net
PPS-Firenetbanner-780.5x190-30-03-17

How do I install a Package Manager within Cygwin ?

Though Cygwin provides the ability to update and install packages via the use of the Cygwin`s setup.exe command, the command line installer apt-cyg provides apt-get like syntax whilst still using Cygwin's native package repository.

Below details the steps required to install the apt-cyg command line installer.

1. UPDATE CYGWIN

First of all you will need to ensure that Cygwin has the necessary binaries required for apt-cyg. This is achieved via the use of the Cygwin setup executable via the Windows command prompt.

C:\Windows\System32>C:\Users\admin\Downloads\setup.exe -q -P  wget,tar,qawk,bzip2,subversion,vim

2. INSTALL APT-CYG

Next download and install apt-cyg from within Cygwin.
$ svn --force export http://apt-cyg.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/ /bin/ 
$ chmod +x /bin/apt-cyg

3. SYNTAX

"apt-cyg install <package names>" to install packages
"apt-cyg remove <package names>" to remove packages
"apt-cyg update" to update setup.ini
"apt-cyg show" to show installed packages
"apt-cyg find <pattern(s)>" to find packages matching patterns
"apt-cyg describe <pattern(s)>" to describe packages matching patterns
"apt-cyg packageof <commands or files>" to locate parent packages

    4. EXAMPLE

    $ apt-cyg install rsync
    Working directory is /setup
    Mirror is ftp://mirror.mcs.anl.gov/pub/cygwin
    --2011-05-09 06:44:24-- ftp://mirror.mcs.anl.gov/pub/cygwin/setup.bz2
    => `.listing'
    Resolving mirror.mcs.anl.gov (mirror.mcs.anl.gov)... 2620:0:dc0:1800:214:4fff:fe7d:1b9, 146.137.96.15, 146.137.96.7
    Connecting to mirror.mcs.anl.gov (mirror.mcs.anl.gov)|2620:0:dc0:1800:214:4fff:fe7d:1b9|:21... failed: Connection timed out.
    Connecting to mirror.mcs.anl.gov (mirror.mcs.anl.gov)|146.137.96.15|:21... connected.

    !! Output Omitted !!

    2011-05-09 06:45:16 (131 KB/s) - `rsync-3.0.8-1.tar.bz2' saved [272248]

    Unpacking...
    Package rsync requires the following packages, installing:
    libgcc1 libiconv2 libpopt0 cygwin
    Package libgcc1 is already installed, skipping
    Package libiconv2 is already installed, skipping
    Package libpopt0 is already installed, skipping
    Package cygwin is already installed, skipping
    Package rsync installed

    5. REFERENCES

    http://code.google.com/p/apt-cyg/
    http://software.jessies.org/salma-hayek/cygwin-setup.html

    About the Author

    RDonato

    R Donato

    Rick Donato is the Founder and Chief Editor of Fir3net.com. He currently works as a Principal Network Security Engineer and has a keen interest in automation and the cloud.

    You can find Rick on Twitter @f3lix001