Cisco ASA: TCP Normalization & Permitting TCP Option Headers

TCP Normalization

To provide protection from attacks, the Cisco ASA provides a feature called TCP normalization. TCP normalization is enabled by default and can detect abnormal packets. Once detected these packets can be either allowed, dropped or cleared of its abnormalities.

To configure the TCP normalizer changes are made within the tcp-map. The tcp-map is then assigned to a class-map. This class-map is then assigned to a policy-map which is then assigned to an interface via a service policy.


Within our example we will configure the ASA to permit the TCP header 34 (0x22).

tcp-map TCPMAP-PERMIT-0x22
  tcp-options range 34 34 allow
 policy-map type inspect dns preset_dns_map
  message-length maximum 512
policy-map global_policy
 class inspection_default
  inspect dns preset_dns_map
  inspect ftp
  inspect h323 h225
  inspect h323 ras
  inspect rsh
  inspect rtsp
  inspect sqlnet
  inspect skinny
  inspect sunrpc
  inspect xdmcp
  inspect sip
  inspect netbios
  inspect tftp
  inspect ip-options
 class ALLOW-TCP-22
  set connection advanced-options TCPMAP-PERMIT-0x22
 service-policy global_policy global
Rick Donato

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